AZUMAKAGAMI 吾妻鑑 ("MIRROR OF THE EAST")
The Azumakagami is a chronicle of the Kamakura bakufu from 1180 to 1266. It was compiled after 1266 under the directive of the Hojo Regent (shikken; tokuso).
1180/4/7 Prince Mochihito'o Call to Arms Reaches Yoritomo
4th year of Jishô (1180), 4th month, 9th day, kanoto no u
27th day, mizunoe saru. Today, Mochihito’s edict arrived at Izu province, Hôjô estate of the former general of the Left Guards, brought by Yukiie the hachijôin administrator. Wearing formal dress, Yoritomo first bowed towards Otoko yama in the distance, after which he respectfuly had the edict read to him. Yukiie went to deliver [the edict] to the Genji in the two provincesof Kai and Shinano. Accordingly, he left for these provinces.
4th year of Jishô, 6th month, 19th day, kanoe no ne
24th day, kinoto no mi. As for the Yasunobu’s report that after the defeat of the laymonk (nyûdô) 3d rank Yorimasa there was a directive that the Genji in the various provinces ought to be pursued, because one should not regard it as an unfounded report, to the cotrary, [Yoritomo] ordered to devise a plan to destroy the Heishi. Accordingly, he sent a messege summoning hereditary housemen. For that he used Tô (Adachi) Kurô Morinaga and had Kochûtai Mitsuie accompany him.
Genpei War 1180-85 -- Battle at Fujigawa 富士川合戦
4th year ofJishô (1180), 10th month, 20th day, tsuchinoto no i
21st day, kanoe ne. Because it was necessary to advance to the Capital in order to pursue an attack on Koremori, Yoritomo oredered his warriors to that effect. However, Tsunetane, Yoshizumi, Hirotsune and others disuaded him saying: “Satake Tarô Yoshimasa and similarly the Kanja and others in Hitachi province have yet to submit and can lead an army of hundreds, especially, Shirô Takayoshi, father of Hideyoshi, who supports the Taira and resides in the Capital. Moreover, there are many proud men still living there. Therefore, first overcome the Eastern barbarians (*the Chinese used to call their enemy “barbarians”) and then proceed to the Kansai.” Consequently, Yoritomo ordered to move to Kise river and lodge there.
Genpei War 1180-85 -- Battle at Ichinotani 一ノ谷合戦
1st year of Genryaku (1184), 2d month, 4th day
7th day, Snow. At the hour of the Tiger the lord Minamoto Kurô first weperated 70 brave warriors who arrived at the mountins behind Ichi no Tani. Now, Kumagai Jirô Naozane, a resident of Musashi province, Hirayama mushajô Hideshige and others devised a way to reach the western side of the Ichinotani residence secretly, advancing from the coastal way to the Kansai.
The Minamoto were first in camp, announcing their names outloud opened the enterance of the outer gate and engaged in battle. After that, Noriyori (kanja), Chitsu..., Miura and the Kamakura bands raced in, and as the Minamto and Taira warriors were in mutual chaos white banners mixed with red banners, and in the course of battle mountains vibrated and the earth moved. Even if they were the Chinese generals, inflicting defeat would not be easy.
Lord Kurô accompanied by Miura Jûro Yoshitsura and other courages warriors attacked from Hiodorigoe. Because of their assault [Heike warriors] were thrown into confusion and fled, either departing Ichinotani on horses, or turned towards Shikoku on boats. The two Kantô generals sent a courier from Settsu province to Kyôtô, informing that the other day a battle in Ichinotani was accomplished; nine generals were beheaded, and some one thousand troops were executed. Thus informing.